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Head


Standards for head protection:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

Head protection in PPE terms is considered as protection against impact injury and falling objects. It generally protects the scalp area, and sometimes the jaw. The face is generally not included, except for some sports helmets. Eye and face protection, noise protection and respiratory protection are separate types of PPE. Protective clothing standards include protecting the head from chemical, biological and radioactive hazards.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

Genral requirments:                                                                                                                                                                                                               

EN 397:1995 - Industrial safety helmets

On the shell, in addition to the Standard number, maker and model identification:

size or size range (cm) (on both shell and harness)

year and quarter (or month) of manufacture

informative label with specified wording

shell material, eg ABS, PC, HDPE, HDPP etc

Optional requirements

-20o C or -30o C tested at very low temperature

150o C tested at high temperature

440 V a.c. - tested for electrical insulation

LD - tested for lateral deformation

MM - resists molten metal splash

Note also that the helmet must have attachment points for a chinstrap

EN 443:1997 - Helmets for firefighters

Superseded by EN 443:2008

On the shell, in addition to the Standard number, maker and model identification:

size or size range (cm)

year of manufacture

Optional requirements

[14] - higher radiant heat classification (kW/m2)

E2 - provides electrical insulation when wet

E3 - provides surface electrical insulation

**, *** or **** - tested to -20, -30 or -40oC respectively

EN 443:2008 - Helmets for firefighting in buildings and other structures

Note also EN 14458:2004 – Faceshields and visors for firefighters, ambulance and emergency services” which is described in Appendix 3 on “Eye and Face Protection”

In addition to the Standard number, maker and model

identification:

- year of manufacture

- Type of helmet:

A(protects dome of the skull) or B (additionally protects

the sides of the head), or

A3b (protects dome of the skull and the frontal chin

region) or B3b (additionally protects the sides of the

head)

- size or size range (cm)

- *, **, *** or **** - tested to –10, -20, -30 or -40orespectively.

- E2 - provides electrical insulation when wet

- E3 - provides surface electrical insulation

- C – resistance to liquid chemicals

EN 812:1997 - Industrial bump caps

In addition to the Standard number and year, maker and model identification:

size or size range (cm) (on both shell and, if fitted,

harness)

year and quarter of manufacture

informative label with specified wording

Optional requirements

-20o C or -30o C tested at very low temperature

F - resistant to flame

440 V (a.c.) - tested for electrical insulation

EN 14052:2005 – High performance industrial helmets

In addition to the Standard number, maker and model identification:

- year and quarter of manufacture

- size or size range (cm) (also on retention system)

- mass of helmet (g)

- material, if made from ABS, PC, HDPE, PS, HDPP etc

- KS if chinstrap supplied

Optional markings:

-20o C or -30o C or -40otested at very low temperature

150o C tested at high temperature

7or14 – resistance to radiant heat (kW)

440 V (A.C.) - tested for electrical insulation

MM - molten metal splash resistance

Other standards relevant to head protection

These standards are intended for leisure equipment. However, the helmets may be

found in the workplace.

EN 1078:1997

Helmets for pedal cyclists and users of skateboards and

roller skates

EN 1384:1996

Specification for helmets for equestrian activities

EN 12492:2000

Mountaineering equipment, climbers safety helmets - Safety

requirements and test methods

EN 14572:2005

High performance helmets for equestrian activities